Autism Spectrum Disorders

signs of autism in infants

This guide for parents on symptoms and diagnoses can aid you in understanding your child’s behavior, understand the different autism-related terms and help you to communicate with teachers, doctors and therapists.

signs of autism in infants

Understanding autism spectrum disorders

Autism cannot be described as a distinct disorder, but rather a range of disorders closely linked that share a common set of symptoms. 

Everyone with autism has issues with interactions with others as well as empathy, communication and a range of behavior. 

However, the degree of disability and the severity of the symptoms can vary greatly from person to person. 

In reality, two children who have the same diagnosis might appear completely different with regard to their behavior and capabilities.

Parents with a child that is on the spectrum of autism, you might encounter a variety of terms, including the term high functioning autismatypical autismautism spectrum disorder and Pervasive Development Disorder

signs of autism in infants

The terms are often confusing not just because they are many, but because therapists, doctors, and parents might employ them in different ways.

However, regardless of what doctors, teachers and other specialists label an autism spectrum disorder the child’s individual requirements that matter. 

No diagnostic label can pinpoint exactly the difficulties your child is facing. Finding a solution that meets the needs of your child instead of trying to determine what is the best way to address the issue is the most effective step you can take. 

It doesn’t require an appointment to get assistance for your child’s issues.

What’s in the name?

There is, of course, a degree of confusion over the names given to the various autism-related disorders. Certain professionals refer to “the autisms” to avoid talking about the sometimes subtle differences between the different conditions that lie on the spectrum of autism. 

In 2013 there were five different “autism spectrum disorders.” The distinctions among these five conditions were difficult to comprehend for parents who were trying to determine what, if any, of these conditions affected their child.

It is believed that the American Psychiatric Association attempted to simplify the process by combining widespread developmental disorders into one single diagnostic classification dubbed “Autism Spectrum Disorder” in the most recent revision of their diagnostic book, referred to by”the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders

Because many patients had been diagnosed before the introduction of the classification system and some professionals still use the labels prior to 2013 that we have compiled them in this article for your convenience. 

To be clear We want to emphasize that all of the conditions listed below are now included under the umbrella category “Autism Spectrum Disorder” (ASD).

The three most prevalent types of autism that were part of the classification system prior to 2013 included Autistic Disorder, also known as classic Autism; Asperger’s Syndrome; and Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). 

These three disorders have some of the same characteristics, however, they differ in extent and impact. Autism is the one with the highest severity. 

Asperger’s syndrome, also known as high-functioning autism and PDD-NOS, also known as autism spectrum disorders are the more mild varieties. 

Childhood disintegrative disorder as well as Rett Syndrome were also among the most prevalent developmental disorders. 

Since both are extremely rare genetic diseases they are generally considered as separate medical conditions that don’t belong on the autism spectrum.

A large portion of this is due to inconsistencies in the manner the people were classified, all the above-described variants that are associated with autism have been classified by the name of “Autism Spectrum Disorder.”

The one label shifts the focus from the place your child is in the spectrum of autism to whether or not your child is suffering from Autism Disorder. Disorder. 

If your child is developing delayed or displays other autism-like behaviors, it is best to see an expert medical doctor or clinical psychologist that specializes in diagnostic testing to conduct an extensive assessment. 

The doctor will help you determine if your child suffers from Autism or a spectrum disorder and the extent to which they’re affected.

Remember that even if your child displays some of the symptoms that are similar to autism isn’t a guarantee that they are suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder. 

Autism Spectrum Disorder is diagnosed on the basis of having multiple signs that hinder a person’s capacity to communicate, build relationships and play, explore, and grow.

Social behavior and understanding

Basic social interactions can be challenging for children with autism spectrum disorders. Some of the signs include:

  • Unusual or inappropriate body language, gestures or gestures, facial expressions (e.g. avoid eye contact or facial expressions that do not match the words they’re using).
  • A lack of interest in others or sharing achievements or interests (e.g. making you draw or pointing at an animal, etc.).
  • Unlikely to interact with others or to engage in social interaction and appears to be distant and distant; prefers to be in solitude.
  • It is difficult to understand other people’s emotions reactions, emotions, and non-verbal signals.
  • Resisting being at.
  • Failure or difficulty in making friends with children who are the same age.

Language and speech

A lot of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder struggle with the ability to communicate and understand language. The symptoms could include:

  • Inability to talk (after at least two years old) or does not speak at all.
  • Atypical voice or having an odd timing or pitch.
  • Repetition of words or phrases repeatedly with no intention of communicating.
  • Problems starting a conversation or maintaining it.
  • Communication difficulties with regards to needs or wishes.
  • Can’t comprehend simple statements or simple questions.
  • The words are taken too literally, ignoring irony, humor, and sarcasm.

Play and restrained behavior

Children who suffer from Autism Spectrum Disorder typically have a limited, rigid, and sometimes obsessive about their behavior or activities. They also have a variety of interests. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Body movements that are repetitive (hand flapping and rocking, spinning) and a constant movement.
  • Obsessive attachment to odd objects (rubber keys, bands lights switches, keys).
  • Concentration on a particular area of interest, which may involve symbols or numbers (maps license plates, maps, stats on sports).
  • A need for consistency or order and routines (e.g. sets up toys, follows an orderly schedule). Is upset by changes in their routines or their environment.
  • Unstable postures, clumsiness or strange methods of movement.
  • Excited by spinning things, moving pieces or pieces of toy (e.g. spinning the wheels of the race car, as opposed to playing with entire car).
  • Reactive or Hypersensitive sensorial input (e.g. is extremely sensitive to certain textures or sounds and appears to be indifferent to pain or temperature).

What do children diagnosed with autism spectrum Disorder play

Children who have Autism Spectrum Disorder tend to be more introverted than the rest of us. As opposed to a typical child who is pointing out objects that grab their attention children who suffer from ASD typically appear uninterested or not aware of what’s happening around them. 

They also exhibit distinct ways in which they play. They might have difficulty playing with purposeful play or playing with toys with a basic function, such as toy cooking sets or tools. 

They rarely “play make-believe,” engage in games with other children and imitate other players, work together with their toys in innovative ways.

The symptoms and signs that are associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Although autism is not an official diagnostic criteria, children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders usually have one or one or:

Sensory issues Children with autism spectrum disorders are unable to react or react too strongly to sensory stimuli. 

Sometimes, they will ignore the people who are speaking at them, sometimes to the point that they appear deaf. 

At other times, they could be disturbed by the quietest sound. The sudden sound of an ringing phone could cause anxiety, and they might respond by shutting the ears or making repeated sounds to drown out disturbing sound. 

Children who are on the autism spectrum also tend to be extremely attuned to the touch of others and the texture. They might be frightened by being touched or feel the touch of a particular fabrics on their body.

Emotional issues Children with autism spectrum disorders might be unable to control their emotions or communicating the emotions appropriately. 

For example the child might begin to cry, yell or laugh with hysterical laughter in no apparent reason. If they are stressed, they could display disruptive or even violent behaviors (breaking objects, hitting people or hurting themselves). 

According to the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities is also aware that children who have ASD are not afraid of dangerous situations like moving vehicles or the height of a building however they may be scared of things that seem harmless like an animal stuffed.

Uneven cognitive capabilitiesUneven cognitive abilities ASD is seen at all intelligence levels. However, children who have average or high intelligence frequently are not able to develop their cognitive abilities in a consistent manner. 

As a result, verbal skills are generally weaker than nonverbal ones. Additionally, children who have Autism spectrum disorder usually do very well in tasks that require visual memory or instant memory as opposed to tasks that require abstract or symbolic thinking are more challenging.

Savant abilities in autism spectrum disorders

Around 10% of the people who suffer from autism spectrum disorders possess particular “savant” skills, such as Dustin Hoffman portrayed in the film Rain Man.

The most commonly used savant abilities include math-related calculations, calendars, musical and artistic talents and memory feats. 

For instance, an autistic savant may be able to multiply huge numbers in their heads or play a concerto for piano after only hearing it once or be able to quickly remember complex maps.

Getting an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis

The path to the ASD diagnosis can be arduous and lengthy. It is usually between two and three years following the initial manifestations of ASD are identified prior to an actual diagnosis can be given. This is due to fears about labeling or wrongly diagnosing the child. 

However the ASD diagnosis may delay the diagnosis if the doctor doesn’t take parents’ concerns seriously or if a family isn’t connected to health experts who are trained in the field of developmental disorders.

If you’re concerned that your child may have ASD It’s crucial to get a medical diagnosis. However, don’t be patient and wait for a diagnosis to send your child in treatment. 

Early intervention during the pre-school years can increase the chances of your child beating their developmental challenges. 

Therefore, look into the options for treatment and don’t be worried if you’re still in the process of determining a diagnosis. The possibility of identifying the issue of your child is more important than treating the symptoms.

Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder

To determine if your child is suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder or another condition, the clinicians take a close look at how your child interacts with other children and how he communicates and behaves. 

The diagnosis is based on the behaviors which are uncovered.

If you’re worried that your child is suffering from autism spectrum disorder and a developmental tests confirm the risk you should ask your family physician or pediatrician to direct you for an autistic specialist or a team of specialists for an extensive assessment. 

Because it is difficult to determine if your child has autism spectrum disorders is complex, it’s important to consult with specialists who have the training and experience in this specific field.

The team of experts who diagnose your child’s condition could comprise:

  1. Child psychologists
  2. Child psychiatrists
  3. Speech pathologists
  4. Developmental pediatricians
  5. Pediatric neurologists
  6. Audiologists
  7. Physical therapy
  8. Teachers of special education

Finding out if your child has Autism Spectrum Disorder isn’t a simple procedure. There isn’t a single medical test to diagnose the condition definitively. Instead to be able to identify the issue testing and evaluations might be necessary.

Evaluation in the case of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Interview with the parent in the initial stage of the diagnostic evaluation it is important to provide your doctor information regarding your kid’s developmental, medical and behavior past. 

If you’ve kept a diary or noting down information that is troubling you, you should provide that information. Your doctor may be interested in knowing your family’s mental and medical background.

The medical exam The medical exam includes a physical examination that is general in nature as well as a neurological examination as well as lab tests and genetic tests. Your child will be subjected to this comprehensive screening to identify the root of their developmental issues and also to find any co-existing issues.

Testing for Hearing Hearing issues could cause delays in language and social interaction that need to be eliminated before Autism Spectrum Disorder is diagnosed. 

Your child is subjected to an official audiological evaluation where they will be tested for hearing impairments as well for any other hearing problems or sensitivities to sound that may occur in conjunction with autism.

Observation Developmental specialists will watch your child in various settings to identify unusual behaviors that could be indicative of autism.

Autism Spectrum Disorder. 

They might watch your child’s play or interactions with other children.

Screening for lead Since lead poisoning can trigger autistic symptoms as well as other symptoms, it is recommended that the National Center for Environmental Health suggests that all children suffering from developmental delays should be screened in the event of lead poisoning.

Other tests

Based on the symptoms of your child and the severity of the symptoms the diagnostic evaluation can also include speech intelligence and social processing, as well as motor skills tests. 

These tests can prove useful not just for diagnosing the condition, but in knowing what type or treatment your child requires.

speech and language assessment Speech pathologists will examine your child’s speech and language abilities to detect indications of autism, and also seeking out any signs of specific language difficulties or problems.

Testing for cognition Your child might receive a standardized test or a more informal cognitive test.

Assessment of adaptive functioning 

Your child could be assessed for their capacity to perform, think critically and adjust in real-world situations. 

This may involve the testing of nonverbal, social and verbal abilities in addition to the ability to carry out routine tasks like dressing themselves and eating.

Sensory-motor assessment as sensory integration disorders are often associated with autism and may even be mistaken for it physical therapists or occupational therapist might evaluate your child’s gross motor and sensory processing capabilities.

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